Blood pressure is affected by a number of dietary and behavioural factors:
- A high-calorie diet (with more calories than those burned off during daily activities, and thus associated with increased body weight)
- A diet high in simple sugars (including fruit juices) and simple carbohydrates (e.g. made with refined type 00 flours, low in fibers, rice, corn) or overcooked.
- A diet high in salt, and salty foods (particularly processed meats, salami and snacks)
- A sedentary lifestyle (and one in which amount of activity is not proportional to the calories intake)
- Cessation of smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke
- Inadequate management of psycho-emotional stress